Social Cycles

The second subsystem is a series of social cycles, which are the temporal patterns for allocating human activity. Time is both a fixed resource as well as a key organizing tool for human behavior. Some cycles may be physiological (such as diurnal patterns); others institutional (permitted hunting seasons). Still others may be specific to the individual (such as graveyard shifts) or environment (such as climate change). Social cycles significantly influence the distribution of critical resources. An example is the set of collective rhythms within a community or culture that organize its calendar, festivals, harvests, fishing seasons, business days, and so forth.

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