Variable: Art & Craft

Art is defined as the "human effort to imitate, supplement, alter, or counteract the work of nature," "the conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the sense of beauty, specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium, and "a system of principles and methods employed in the performance of a set of activities: the art of building." Craft is defined as "skill in doing or making something, as in the arts; proficiency," "an occupation or trade requiring manual dexterity or skilled artistry," and, "the membership of such an occupation or trade; guild."

Taken together, art and craft constitute a critical cultural resource in the human ecosystem framework as they represent physical manifestations of cultural symbols and images, technology, beliefs, and myths.

These variables can be measured in terms of availability and access (number of museums/unit population), transferrabilty (number of arts and craft schools and apprenticeships/unit population), and transfusion/adoption (presence in mass production/retail).

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