Variable: Individual Cycles

Beyond physiological cycles, individuals may follow time cycles that are personal and idiosyncratic. Examples are graveyard shifts for certain workers (such as bakers or police), part-time or seasonal work (such as agricultural field labor or lumbering), and personal patterns of recreation activity (weekend hiking or camping). These cycles impact social institutions and the use of natural resources. They can be measured by such indicators as employment patterns (for example, the proportion of part-time to full-time workers). Changes in individual cycles can reflect alterations in labor needs, social institutions, or hierarchies of wealth. For example, displaced mill workers my have to travel farther from home for employment, changing family time budgets.

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