Variable: Justice (legal system)

The collective problem of justice faces all human social systems; its role in human ecosystems is critical. Two forms are central: distributive justice (who should get what, such as property rights [Rawls 1971]) and corrective justice (how formal norms should be enforced, such as rules for punishment [Runciman 1966]). The legal system can be measured both by its practitioners (such as the number of lawyers or temporary legal system plays an important role in ecosystem management - the courts influencing distributive justice through timber sale appeals and injunctions, and meting punishment for resource cries (such as poaching). Changes in legal institutions, such as new procedures for appeal or new laws (the revision of the endangered Species Act is an example) can dramatically and directly impact the use of natural resources, the development of capital, and other components of the human ecosystem.

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