Variable: Territory

Territory is access to property rights, both physical, such as land tenure and water rights, and intellectual, such as discipline or occupation. Hierarchies of territory are created when some have strong land tenure - large tracts and secure ownership - and others weak tenure or are landless.

In the U.S. arid West, water rights granted by historical priority, may be especially critical, as it is water that limits development (Reisner, 1986). Indicators of territory include ownership patterns, the distribution of land by parcel size (i.e. the proportion of owners with large tracts), or the distribution of water rights, forest harvesting rights, etc. In natural resource management, disciplinary or occupational territory can influence the allocation and distribution of management priorities.

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